AskDefine | Define Jupiter

Dictionary Definition

Jupiter

Noun

1 the largest planet and the 5th from the sun; has many satellites
2 (Roman mythology) supreme god of Romans; counterpart of Greek Zeus [syn: Jove]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From Latin Iuppiter, literally ‘father Jove’, originally a vocative cognate with Greek Ζεῦ πάτερ (Zeu pater) ‘o father Zeus’.

Proper noun

Jupiter
  1. The fifth and by far the largest planet in the Solar System, a gas giant, represented by the symbol in astronomy. Jupiter is known for its Great Red Spot and many moons including the Galilean moons.
  2. The Roman King of the Gods, also called Jove. Equivalent to the Greek Zeus, Jupiter was one of the children of Saturn.

Translations

planet
god
  • Bosnian: Jupiter
  • Croatian: Jupiter
  • Czech: Jupiter
  • Dutch: Jupiter
  • Estonian: Jupiter
  • Finnish: Juppiter
  • French: Jupiter
  • German: Jupiter
  • Hindi: बृहस्पति (brihaspati)
  • Hungarian: Jupiter
  • Icelandic: Júpíter
  • Italian: Giove
  • Japanese: ジュピター (jupitā)
  • Korean: 주피터 (jupiteo)
  • Latin: Iuppiter
  • Macedonian: Јупитер
  • Mandarin: 朱庇特 (Zhūbìtè)
  • Polish: Jowisz, Jupiter
  • Portuguese: Júpiter
  • Russian: Юпитер
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: Јупитер
    Roman: Jupiter
  • Slovak: Jupiter
  • Slovene: Jupiter
  • Spanish: Júpiter
  • Swedish: Jupiter
  • Urdu: (muštarī) , (brihaspati)
  • Welsh: Iau

Bosnian

Proper noun

Jupiter
  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

Czech

Proper noun

  1. Jupiter (planet)

Estonian

Proper noun

Jupiter
  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

French

Proper noun

  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

German

Proper noun

Jupiter
  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • /ˈjupitɛr/|lang=hu

Proper noun

  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

Latin

Proper noun

Jupiter

Serbian

Proper noun

Jupiter
  1. Jupiter (planet)
  2. Jupiter (god)

Cyrillic spelling

Extensive Definition

about the planet Jupiter (pronounced ) is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the Solar System. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our Solar System combined. Jupiter, along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, is classified as a gas giant. Together, these four planets are sometimes referred to as the Jovian planets, where Jovian is the adjectival form of Jupiter.
The planet was known by astronomers of ancient times and was associated with the mythology and religious beliefs of many cultures. The Romans named the planet after the Roman god Jupiter. Through infrared and ultraviolet measurements, trace amounts of benzene and other hydrocarbons have also been found.
The atmospheric proportions of hydrogen and helium are very close to the theoretical composition of the primordial solar nebula. However, neon in the upper atmosphere only consists of 20 parts per million by mass, which is about a tenth as abundant as in the Sun. Helium is also depleted, although to a lesser degree. This depletion may be a result of precipitation of these elements into the interior of the planet. Abundances of heavier inert gases in Jupiter's atmosphere are about two to three times that of the sun.
Based on spectroscopy, Saturn is thought to be similar in composition to Jupiter, but the other gas giants Uranus and Neptune have relatively much less hydrogen and helium. However, because of the lack of atmospheric entry probes, high quality abundance numbers of the heavier elements are lacking for the outer planets beyond Jupiter.

Mass

Jupiter is 2.5 times more massive than all the other planets in our Solar System combined—this is so massive that its barycenter with the Sun actually lies above the Sun's surface (1.068 solar radii from the Sun's center). Although this planet dwarfs the Earth (with a diameter 11 times as great) it is considerably less dense. Jupiter's volume is equal to 1,317 Earths, yet is only 318 times as massive.
Theoretical models indicate that if Jupiter had much more mass than it does at present, the planet would shrink. For small changes in mass, the radius would not change appreciably, and above about four Jupiter masses the interior would become so much more compressed under the increased gravitation force that the planet's volume would actually decrease despite the increasing amount of matter. As a result, Jupiter is thought to have about as large a diameter as a planet of its composition and evolutionary history can achieve. The process of further shrinkage with increasing mass would continue until appreciable stellar ignition is achieved as in high-mass brown dwarfs around 50 Jupiter masses. This has led some astronomers to term it a "failed star", although it is unclear whether or not the processes involved in the formation of planets like Jupiter are similar to the processes involved in the formation of multiple star systems.
Although Jupiter would need to be about seventy-five times as massive to fuse hydrogen and become a star, the smallest red dwarf is only about 30% larger in radius than Jupiter. In spite of this, Jupiter still radiates more heat than it receives from the Sun. The amount of heat produced inside the planet is nearly equal to the total solar radiation it receives. This additional heat radiation is generated by the Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism through adiabatic contraction. This process results in the planet shrinking by about 2 cm each year. When it was first formed, Jupiter was much hotter and was about twice its current diameter.

Internal structure

Jupiter is thought to consist of a dense core with a mixture of elements, a surrounding layer of liquid metallic hydrogen with some helium, and an outer layer predominantly of molecular hydrogen.
Above the layer of metallic hydrogen lies a transparent interior atmosphere of liquid hydrogen and gaseous hydrogen, with the gaseous portion extending downward from the cloud layer to a depth of about 1,000 km. This smooth transition happens whenever the temperature is above the critical temperature, which for hydrogen is only 33 K (see hydrogen).
The temperature and pressure inside Jupiter increase steadily toward the core. At the phase transition region where liquid hydrogen (heated beyond its critical point) becomes metallic, it is believed the temperature is 10,000 K and the pressure is 200 GPa. The temperature at the core boundary is estimated to be 36,000 K and the interior pressure is roughly 3,000–4,500 GPa. The zones have been observed to vary in width, color and intensity from year to year, but they have remained sufficiently stable for astronomers to give them identifying designations. The water clouds can form thunderstorms driven by the heat rising from the interior.
The orange and brown coloration in the clouds of Jupiter are caused by upwelling compounds that change color when they are exposed to ultraviolet light from the Sun. The exact makeup remains uncertain, but the substances are believed to be phosphorus, sulfur or possibly hydrocarbons. and possibly since 1665. Mathematical models suggest that the storm is stable and may be a permanent feature of the planet. The storm is large enough to be visible through Earth-based telescopes.
The oval object rotates counterclockwise, with a period of about 6 days. The Great Red Spot's dimensions are 24–40,000 km × 12–14,000 km. It is large enough to contain two or three planets of Earth's diameter. The maximum altitude of this storm is about 8 km above the surrounding cloudtops.
Storms such as this are common within the turbulent atmospheres of gas giants. Jupiter also has white ovals and brown ovals, which are lesser unnamed storms. White ovals tend to consist of relatively cool clouds within the upper atmosphere. Brown ovals are warmer and located within the "normal cloud layer". Such storms can last as little as a few hours or stretch on for centuries.
Even before Voyager proved that the feature was a storm, there was strong evidence that the spot could not be associated with any deeper feature on the planet's surface, as the Spot rotates differentially with respect to the rest of the atmosphere, sometimes faster and sometimes more slowly. During its recorded history it has traveled several times around the planet relative to any possible fixed rotational marker below it.
In 2000, an atmospheric feature formed in the southern hemisphere that is similar in appearance to the Great Red Spot, but smaller in size. This was created when several smaller, white oval-shaped storms merged to form a single feature—these three smaller white ovals were first observed in 1938. The merged feature was named Oval BA, and has been nicknamed Red Spot Junior. It has since increased in intensity and changed color from white to red.

Planetary rings

Jupiter has a faint planetary ring system composed of three main segments: an inner torus of particles known as the halo, a relatively bright main ring, and an outer "gossamer" ring. These rings appear to be made of dust, rather than ice as is the case for Saturn's rings. In a similar way, the moons Thebe and Amalthea probably produce the two distinct components of the gossamer ring.
At about 75 Jupiter radii from the planet, the interaction of the magnetosphere with the solar wind generates a bow shock. Surrounding Jupiter's magnetosphere is a magnetopause, located at the inner edge of a magnetosheath, where the planet's magnetic field becomes weak and disorganized. The solar wind interacts with these regions, elongating the magnetosphere on Jupiter's lee side and extending it outward until it nearly reaches the orbit of Saturn. The four largest moons of Jupiter all orbit within the magnetosphere, which protects them from the solar wind.

Orbit and rotation

The average distance between Jupiter and the Sun is 778 million km (about 5.2 times the average distance from the Earth to the Sun, or 5.2 AU) and it completes an orbit every 11.86 years. The elliptical orbit of Jupiter is inclined 1.31° compared to the Earth. Because of an eccentricity of 0.048, the distance from Jupiter and the Sun varies by 75 million km between perihelion and aphelion, or the nearest and most distant points of the planet along the orbital path respectively.
The axial tilt of Jupiter is relatively small: only 3.13°. As a result this planet does not experience significant seasonal changes, in contrast to Earth and Mars for example.
Jupiter's rotation is the fastest of all the Solar System's planets, completing a rotation on its axis in slightly less than ten hours; this creates an equatorial bulge easily seen through an Earth-based amateur telescope. This rotation requires a centripetal acceleration at the equator of about 1.67 m/s², compared to the equatorial surface gravity of 24.79 m/s²; thus the net acceleration felt at the equatorial surface is only about 23.12 m/s². The planet is shaped as an oblate spheroid, meaning that the diameter across its equator is longer than the diameter measured between its poles. On Jupiter, the equatorial diameter is 9275 km longer than the diameter measured through the poles.

Observation

Jupiter is usually the fourth brightest object in the sky (after the Sun, the Moon and Venus);
Earth overtakes Jupiter every 398.9 days as it orbits the Sun, a duration called the synodic period. As it does so, Jupiter appears to undergo retrograde motion with respect to the background stars. That is, for a period of time Jupiter seems to move backward in the night sky, performing a looping motion.
Jupiter's 12-year orbital period corresponds to the dozen constellations in the zodiac.

Research and exploration

Ground-based telescope research

In 1610, Galileo Galilei discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto (now known as the Galilean moons) using a telescope; thought to be the first observation of moons other than Earth's. Note, however, that Chinese historian of astronomy, Xi Zezong, has claimed that Gan De, a Chinese astronomer, made this discovery of one of Jupiter's moons in 362 BC with the unaided eye, nearly 2 millennia earlier. Galileo's was also the first discovery of a celestial motion not apparently centered on the Earth. It was a major point in favor of Copernicus' heliocentric theory of the motions of the planets; Galileo's outspoken support of the Copernican theory placed him under the threat of the Inquisition.
During 1660s, Cassini used a new telescope to discover spots and colorful bands on Jupiter and observed that the planet appeared oblate; that is, flattened at the poles. He was also able to estimate the rotation period of the planet. In 1690 Cassini noticed that the atmosphere undergoes differential rotation.
The Red Spot was reportedly lost from sight on several occasions between 1665 and 1708 before becoming quite conspicuous in 1878. It was recorded as fading again in 1883 and at the start of the twentieth century.
Both Giovanni Borelli and Cassini made careful tables of the motions of the Jovian moons, allowing predictions of the times when the moons would pass before or behind the planet. By the 1670s, however, it was observed that when Jupiter was on the opposite side of the Sun from the Earth, these events would occur about 17 minutes later than expected. Ole Rømer deduced that sight is not instantaneous (a finding that Cassini had earlier rejected
In 1892, E. E. Barnard observed a fifth satellite of Jupiter with the 36-inch refractor at Lick Observatory in California. The discovery of this relatively small object, a testament to his keen eyesight, quickly made him famous. The moon was later named Amalthea. It was the last planetary moon to be discovered directly by visual observation. An additional eight satellites were subsequently discovered prior to the flyby of the Voyager 1 probe in 1979.
In 1932, Rupert Wildt identified absorption bands of ammonia and methane in the spectra of Jupiter.
Three long-lived anticyclonic features termed white ovals were observed in 1938. For several decades they remained as separate features in the atmosphere, sometimes approaching each other but never merging. Finally, two of the ovals merged in 1998, then absorbed the third in 2000, becoming Oval BA.
In 1955, Bernard Burke and Kenneth Franklin detected bursts of radio signals coming from Jupiter at 22.2 MHz.
Scientists discovered that there were three forms of radio signals being transmitted from Jupiter.
  • Decametric radio bursts (with a wavelength of tens of meters) vary with the rotation of Jupiter, and are influenced by interaction of Io with Jupiter's magnetic field.
  • Decimetric radio emission (with wavelengths measured in centimeters) was first observed by Frank Drake and Hein Hvatum in 1959.
  • Thermal radiation is produced by heat in the atmosphere of Jupiter.

Exploration with space probes

Since 1973 a number of automated spacecraft have visited Jupiter. Flights to other planets within the Solar System are accomplished at a cost in energy, which is described by the net change in velocity of the spacecraft, or delta-v. Reaching Jupiter from Earth requires a delta-v of 9.2 km/s, which is comparable to the 9.7 km/s delta-v needed to reach low Earth orbit. Fortunately, gravity assists through planetary flybys can be used to reduce the energy required to reach Jupiter, albeit at the cost of a significantly longer flight duration.
Six years later, the Voyager missions vastly improved the understanding of the Galilean moons and discovered Jupiter's rings. They also confirmed that the Great Red Spot was anticyclonic. Comparison of images showed that the Red Spot had changed hue since the Pioneer missions, turning from orange to dark brown. A torus of ionized atoms was discovered along Io's orbital path, and volcanoes were found on the moon's surface, some in the process of erupting. As the spacecraft passed behind the planet, it observed flashes of lightning in the night side atmosphere.
The next mission to encounter Jupiter, the Ulysses solar probe, performed a flyby maneuver in order to attain a polar orbit around the Sun. During this pass the spacecraft conducted studies on Jupiter's magnetosphere. However, since Ulysses has no cameras, no images were taken. A second flyby six years later was at a much greater distance.
In 2000, the Cassini probe, en route to Saturn, flew by Jupiter and provided some of the highest-resolution images ever made of the planet. On December 19, 2000, the spacecraft captured an image of the moon Himalia, but the resolution was too low to show surface details.
The New Horizons probe, en route to Pluto, flew by Jupiter for gravity assist. Closest approach was on February 28, 2007. The probe's cameras measured plasma output from volcanoes on Io and studied all four Galilean moons in detail, as well as making long-distance observations of the outer moons Himalia and Elara. Imaging of the Jovian system began September 4, 2006.

Galileo mission

So far the only spacecraft to orbit Jupiter is the Galileo orbiter, which went into orbit around Jupiter on December 7, 1995. It orbited the planet for over seven years, conducting multiple flybys of all of the Galilean moons and Amalthea. The spacecraft also witnessed the impact of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 as it approached Jupiter in 1994, giving a unique vantage point for the event. However, while the information gained about the Jovian system from Galileo was extensive, its originally-designed capacity was limited by the failed deployment of its high-gain radio transmitting antenna.
An atmospheric probe was released from the spacecraft in July 1995, entering the planet's atmosphere on December 7. It parachuted through 150 km of the atmosphere, collecting data for 57.6 minutes, before being crushed by the pressure to which it was subjected by that time (about 22 times Earth normal, at a temperature of 153 °C). It would have melted thereafter, and possibly vaporized. The Galileo orbiter itself experienced a more rapid version of the same fate when it was deliberately steered into the planet on September 21 2003 at a speed of over 50 km/s, in order to avoid any possibility of it crashing into and possibly contaminating Europa—a moon which has been hypothesized to have the possibility of harboring life.
Because of the possibility of a liquid ocean on Jupiter's moon Europa, there has been great interest in studying the icy moons in detail. A mission proposed by NASA was dedicated to doing so. The JIMO (Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter) was expected to be launched sometime after 2012. However, the mission was deemed too ambitious and its funding was canceled. A European Jovian Europa Orbiter mission is being studied, but its launch is unscheduled.

Moons

Jupiter has 63 named natural satellites. Of these, 47 are less than 10 kilometres in diameter and have only been discovered since 1975. The four largest moons, known as the "Galilean moons", are Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

Galilean moons

The orbits of Io, Europa , and Ganymede , some of the largest satellites in the Solar System, form a pattern known as a Laplace resonance; for every four orbits that Io makes around Jupiter, Europa makes exactly two orbits and Ganymede makes exactly one. This resonance causes the gravitational effects of the three large moons to distort their orbits into elliptical shapes, since each moon receives an extra tug from its neighbors at the same point in every orbit it makes. The tidal force from Jupiter, on the other hand, works to circularize their orbits.
The eccentricity of their orbits causes regular flexing of the three moons' shapes, with Jupiter's gravity stretching them out as they approach it and allowing them to spring back to more spherical shapes as they swing away. This tidal flexing heats the moons' interiors via friction. This is seen most dramatically in the extraordinary volcanic activity of innermost Io (which is subject to the strongest tidal forces), and to a lesser degree in the geological youth of Europa's surface (indicating recent resurfacing of the moon's exterior).

Classification of moons

Before the discoveries of the Voyager missions, Jupiter's moons were arranged neatly into four groups of four, based on commonality of their orbital elements. Since then, the large number of new small outer moons has complicated this picture. There are now thought to be six main groups, although some are more distinct than others.
A basic sub-division is a grouping of the eight inner regular moons, which have nearly circular orbits near the plane of Jupiter's equator and are believed to have formed with Jupiter. The remainder of the moons consist of an unknown number of small irregular moons with elliptical and inclined orbits, which are believed to be captured asteroids or fragments of captured asteroids. Irregular moons that belong to a group share similar orbital elements and thus may have a common origin, perhaps as a larger moon or captured body that broke up.

Interaction with the Solar System

Along with the Sun, the gravitational influence of Jupiter has helped shape the Solar System. The orbits of most of the system's planets lie closer to Jupiter's orbital plane than the Sun's equatorial plane (Mercury is the only planet that is closer to the Sun's equator in orbital tilt), the Kirkwood gaps in the asteroid belt are mostly due to Jupiter, and the planet may have been responsible for the Late Heavy Bombardment of the inner Solar System's history.
In addition to its moons, Jupiter's gravitational field controls numerous asteroids that have settled into the regions of the Lagrangian points preceding and following Jupiter in its orbit around the sun. These are known as the Trojan asteroids, and are divided into Greek and Trojan "camps" to commemorate the Iliad. The first of these, 588 Achilles, was discovered by Max Wolf in 1906; since then more than two thousand have been discovered. The largest is 624 Hektor.
Jupiter has been called the Solar System's vacuum cleaner, because of its immense gravity well and location near the inner Solar System. It receives the most frequent comet impacts of the Solar System's planets. In 1994 comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (SL9, formally designated D/1993 F2) collided with Jupiter and gave informations about the structure of Jupiter. It was thought that the planet served to partially shield the inner system from cometary bombardment. However, recent computer simulations suggest that Jupiter doesn't cause a net decrease in the number of comets that pass through the inner Solar System, as its gravity perturbs their orbits inward in roughly the same numbers that it accretes or ejects them.
The majority of short-period comets belong to the Jupiter family—defined as comets with semi-major axes smaller than Jupiter's. Jupiter family comets are believed to form in the Kuiper belt outside the orbit of Neptune. During close encounters with Jupiter their orbits are perturbed into a smaller period and then circularized by regular gravitational interaction with the Sun and Jupiter.

Possibility of life

In 1953, the Miller-Urey experiment demonstrated that a combination of lightning and the chemical compounds that existed in the atmosphere of a primordial Earth could form organic compounds (including amino acids) that could serve as the building blocks of life. The simulated atmosphere included water, methane, ammonia and molecular hydrogen; all molecules still found in the atmosphere of Jupiter. However, the atmosphere of Jupiter has a strong vertical air circulation, which would carry these compounds down into the lower regions. The higher temperatures within the interior of the atmosphere breaks down these chemicals, which would hinder the formation of Earth-like life.
It is considered highly unlikely that there is any Earth-like life on Jupiter, as there is only a small amount of water in the atmosphere and any possible solid surface deep within Jupiter would be under extraordinary pressures. However, in 1976, before the Voyager missions, it was hypothesized that ammonia- or water-based life, such as the so-called atmospheric beasts, could evolve in Jupiter's upper atmosphere. This hypothesis is based on the ecology of terrestrial seas which have simple photosynthetic plankton at the top level, fish at lower levels feeding on these creatures, and marine predators which hunt the fish.

Human culture

The planet Jupiter has been known since ancient times. It is visible to the naked eye in the night sky and can occasionally be seen in the daytime when the sun is low. To the Babylonians, this object represented their god Marduk. They used the roughly 12-year orbit of this planet along the ecliptic to define the constellations of their zodiac.
The Romans named it after Jupiter () (also called Jove), the principal God of Roman mythology, whose name comes from the Proto-Indo-European vocative form *dyeu ph2ter, meaning "god-father." The astronomical symbol for the planet, * Jupiter in fiction

References

Additional reading

External links

Jupiter in Afrikaans: Jupiter (planeet)
Jupiter in Tosk Albanian: Jupiter (Planet)
Jupiter in Old English (ca. 450-1100): Iupiter
Jupiter in Arabic: مشتري
Jupiter in Aragonese: Chupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Franco-Provençal: Jupitèr (planèta)
Jupiter in Asturian: Xúpiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Azerbaijani: Yupiter (planet)
Jupiter in Bengali: জুপিটার
Jupiter in Min Nan: Bo̍k-chheⁿ
Jupiter in Belarusian: Планета Юпітэр
Jupiter in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Юпітэр (плянэта)
Jupiter in Bosnian: Jupiter
Jupiter in Breton: Yaou (planedenn)
Jupiter in Bulgarian: Юпитер (планета)
Jupiter in Catalan: Júpiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Chuvash: Юпитер (планета)
Jupiter in Czech: Jupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Welsh: Iau (planed)
Jupiter in Danish: Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter in German: Jupiter (Planet)
Jupiter in Estonian: Jupiter (planeet)
Jupiter in Modern Greek (1453-): Δίας (πλανήτης)
Jupiter in Spanish: Júpiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Esperanto: Jupitero
Jupiter in Basque: Jupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Persian: مشتری (سیاره)
Jupiter in Faroese: Jupiter
Jupiter in French: Jupiter (planète)
Jupiter in Western Frisian: Jupiter
Jupiter in Irish: Iúpatar (pláinéad)
Jupiter in Gan Chinese: 木星
Jupiter in Manx: Jupiter (planaid)
Jupiter in Scottish Gaelic: Bliogh
Jupiter in Galician: Xúpiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Gujarati: ગુરુ (ગ્રહ)
Jupiter in Korean: 목성
Jupiter in Armenian: Յուպիտեր
Jupiter in Hindi: बृहस्पति
Jupiter in Croatian: Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter in Ido: Jupitero
Jupiter in Iloko: Jupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Indonesian: Yupiter
Jupiter in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Jupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Icelandic: Júpíter (reikistjarna)
Jupiter in Italian: Giove (astronomia)
Jupiter in Hebrew: צדק (כוכב לכת)
Jupiter in Javanese: Yupiter
Jupiter in Pampanga: Jupiter
Jupiter in Georgian: იუპიტერი (პლანეტა)
Jupiter in Kashubian: Jupiter
Jupiter in Kazakh: Есекқырған
Jupiter in Cornish: Yow (planet)
Jupiter in Swahili (macrolanguage): Mshtarii
Jupiter in Haitian: Jipitè (planèt)
Jupiter in Kurdish: Berçîs
Jupiter in Latin: Iuppiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Latvian: Jupiters (planēta)
Jupiter in Luxembourgish: Jupiter (Planéit)
Jupiter in Lithuanian: Jupiteris (planeta)
Jupiter in Limburgan: Jupiter (planeet)
Jupiter in Hungarian: Jupiter
Jupiter in Macedonian: Јупитер
Jupiter in Malayalam: വ്യാഴം (ഗ്രഹം)
Jupiter in Maltese: Ġove (pjaneta)
Jupiter in Marathi: गुरू ग्रह
Jupiter in Malay (macrolanguage): Musytari
Jupiter in Moksha: Йупитерь
Jupiter in Mongolian: Бархасбадь
nah:Huēyitzitzimicītlalli
Jupiter in Dutch: Jupiter (planeet)
Jupiter in Nepali: बृहस्पतिग्रह
Jupiter in Japanese: 木星
Jupiter in Norwegian: Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter in Norwegian Nynorsk: Planeten Jupiter
Jupiter in Novial: Jupitere (planete)
Jupiter in Uzbek: Yupiter
Jupiter in Low German: Jupiter (Planet)
Jupiter in Polish: Jowisz
Jupiter in Portuguese: Júpiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Kölsch: Juppitter (Planneet)
Jupiter in Romanian: Jupiter (planetă)
Jupiter in Quechua: Pirwa
Jupiter in Russian: Юпитер (планета)
Jupiter in Northern Sami: Jupiter
Jupiter in Albanian: Jupiteri
Jupiter in Sicilian: Giovi
Jupiter in Simple English: Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter in Sindhi: وِسپَتُ
Jupiter in Slovak: Jupiter
Jupiter in Slovenian: Jupiter
Jupiter in Serbian: Јупитер (планета)
Jupiter in Serbo-Croatian: Jupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Saterfriesisch: Jupiter
Jupiter in Finnish: Jupiter
Jupiter in Swedish: Jupiter
Jupiter in Tagalog: Hupiter (planeta)
Jupiter in Tamil: வியாழன் (கோள்)
Jupiter in Thai: ดาวพฤหัสบดี
Jupiter in Vietnamese: Sao Mộc
Jupiter in Tajik: Муштарӣ
Jupiter in Turkish: Jüpiter (gezegen)
Jupiter in Ukrainian: Юпітер (планета)
Jupiter in Urdu: مشتری
Jupiter in Yiddish: יופיטער
Jupiter in Contenese: 木星
Jupiter in Chinese: 木星

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Agdistis, Amor, Aphrodite, Apollo, Apollon, Ares, Artemis, Ate, Athena, Bacchus, Ceres, Cora, Cronus, Cupid, Cybele, Demeter, Despoina, Diana, Dionysus, Dis, Earth, Eros, Gaea, Gaia, Ge, Great Mother, Hades, Helios, Hephaestus, Hera, Here, Hermes, Hestia, Hymen, Hyperion, Jove, Juno, Jupiter Fidius, Jupiter Fulgur, Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Jupiter Pluvius, Jupiter Tonans, Kore, Kronos, Magna Mater, Mars, Mercury, Minerva, Mithras, Momus, Neptune, Nike, Olympians, Olympic gods, Ops, Orcus, Persephassa, Persephone, Phoebus, Phoebus Apollo, Pluto, Poseidon, Proserpina, Proserpine, Rhea, Saturn, Tellus, Uranus, Venus, Vesta, Vulcan, Zeus, asteroid, inferior planet, major planet, minor planet, planet, planetoid, secondary planet, solar system, superior planet, terrestrial planet, wanderer
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1